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Weightlifting Discipline PDF Print E-mail

What is weightlifting?

Weightlifting is a perfect demonstration of physical strength, technical skill and concentration combined. Lifters compete individually in a competition that requires physical and mental preparedness and eventually tactical skills. Each competition is a final, whereas athletes are ranked in accordance with their performance.
The IWF recognizes two lifts which must be executed in the following sequence:

  1. The Snatch
  2. The Clean and Jerk

A maximum of three attempts is allowed in each lift. There is 1 minute to start the attempt, or 2 if the lifter follows him/herself. The minimum increase is 1 kg between two attempts, except after 1st attempt, when its 2kg. Medals are distributed in both lifts and in Total, this being the combined result of the best Snatch and best Clean and Jerk.

There are eight bodyweight categories for male athletes: 56kg, 62kg, 69kg, 77kg, 85kg, 94kg, 105kg, +105kg and seven for female athletes: 48kg, 53kg, 58kg, 63kg, 69kg, 75kg, +75kg.

Officials of the competition:

The Technical Officials responsible for running the competition according to the IWF rules and regulations are: Jury, Competition Secretary/Director, Technical Controllers, Referees, Timekeeper, Chief Marshal and Doctor on duty.

What the athletes lift and where:

Competitors have to lift a weight called the barbell, which consists of a steel bar (weighing 20 kg for a men's, 15 kg for a women's barbell) onto which differently coloured weight discs (with a weight of 0.5 to 25 kg) are loaded and fastened with the help of collars (weighing 2.5 kg each). The athletes perform the lifts on an elevated stage with a platform of 4X4 meters made of wood and coated with non-slippery material.

Referee Lights Equipment/Jury Control Unit:

The 3 referees pass their decision about the correctness and validity of each lift by pressing white or red light buttons on the small device in front of them. When a referee has judged a lift as correctly completed, he or she will press the white light button, or, if the attempt is not correct or missed, a red light button. As soon as two of the three referees have passed identical decisions (white or red), a visible and an audible signal is given to the lifter to lower the barbell to the platform. Lights corresponding to the judgment of the referees light up on a board: Two or three white lights = Good Lift; Two or three red lights = No Lift. The referees' activity should be permanently checked by the Jury with the help of a monitoring device on the Jury table called Jury Control Unit. With the help of this equipment the Jury might overrule/change the referees' decision. The Jury's decision is final and irrevocable.

Main Scoreboard:

The big scoreboard on the wall helps you to follow the progress of the competition by indicating all the important data on the lifters and the lifts: the start number, the name, country code and date of birth of the athletes, their actual bodyweight which was registered at the Weigh-in starting two hours before the actual competition, the three attempts (good or missed) on the Snatch and on the Clean & Jerk, the Total result, the final ranking and the actual records. An extension of the Scoreboard operating parallel with the one on the stage is installed in the warm-up area to allow the athletes and coaches to apply competition strategies in the interest of a better position.

Attempt Board and Timing Clock:

This electronic board contains information on the athlete just called (name, and country code of the athletes), the number and weight of the attempt to be taken and currently being performed on the platform, and incorporates the timing clock and the referee light signalization. The time for the athlete starts running at the calling of his/her name by the Speaker and the board indicates the remaining time, giving a warning signal when there are only 30 seconds left. An extension of the attempt board and timing clock operating parallel with the one on the stage is installed in the warm-up area to allow the athletes and coaches calculate the time remaining for the next attempts and to apply competition strategies in the interest of a better position.

Computerized Competition Calling and Result System:

In major weightlifting competitions, a complex and sophisticated competition software manages the competition including real time data-feed for the Scoreboard and Attempt Board, defines the calling order, produces documents as the Start Lists before, and the Result Book after the competition,, in full accordance with the rules.

Multi-video Screen:

Replays of the lifts in slow motion from different angles are presented to the public and the media after each attempt to allow for a better observation of the athletes' movements which are very fast in real time.


From : IWF Website